Special Education Funding: Fund Services For Kids, Not Profits For Charter Managers (Susan L. DeJarnatt,  Philadelphia County,
Member of the Pennsylvania Bar, October 2021) 

White Paper – Funding Cyber Charter Schools: Issues and Solutions (Pennsylvania Association of School Administrators, September 22, 2021) 

The Impact of Charter Schools on Student Achievement, Funding and Integration (National School Boards Association – Center for Public Education, 2021)

Do cyber charter schools harm public education for the most disadvantaged? (Brookings Institution, June 24, 2019)

Safeguarding Educational Equity: Protecting Philadelphia Students’ Civil Rights Through Charter Oversight (Education Law Center, February 2019)

Charter School Performance in Pennsylvania  (Stanford University, 2019)

White Paper: Cost Analysis of Cyber Charter Schools and Public School District Learning Programs (PASA, June 2018)

The Fiscal Impact of Charter School Expansion: Calculations in Six Pennsylvania School Districts (Research for Action, September 2017)

Public Charter School  Fiscal Impact on School Districts (PA Legislative Budget and Finance Committee, May 2017)

Charter School Special Education Funding in Pennsylvania (Research for Action, April 2017)

Charter Management Organizations  (Stanford University, 2017)

Charter School Revenues, Expenditures and Transparency (PSBA, June 2016)

Pennsylvania Charter School Accountability and Transparency: Time for a Tune-Up (PA Auditor General, May 2014)

Revisiting cyber charter performance (Research for Action, November 2014)

Charter and Cyber Charter Education Funding Reform Should Save Taxpayers $365 Million Annually (PA Auditor General, June 20, 2012)

National Charter School Study (Stanford University, 2017)

A call to Action to Improve the Quality of Full-time Virtual Charter Public Schools (National Alliance for Public Charter Schools, June 16, 2016)

Virtual Charter Schools and Online Learning During COVID-19: An imperfect comparison (Brown Center Chalkboard, June 2, 2020)

Data and Analysis

All data used in this site came from the Pennsylvania Department of Education, unless otherwise specified, with analysis by PSBA Research.

As used on this site, data referencing “school districts” or “all school districts” are the aggregate of the 500 school districts in Pennsylvania and/or the students enrolled therein. Data referencing “charter schools” or “all charter schools” are the aggregate of all brick-and-mortar and cyber charter schools operating in Pennsylvania and/or the students enrolled therein. Data referencing “brick-and-mortar charter schools” or “cyber charter schools” are the aggregate of all charter schools in those categories.